Periodontitis or a Dental Cyst: Symptoms and Treatment

Have you ever experienced a dental disease that is known as a dental cyst? This issue is impossible to detect without tools when it is still young, but neglected forms of this issue can lead to loss of a tooth and general weakening of the organism. Quite often patients who suffer from such cysts feel weakness and headaches, discover inflamed lymphoid glands around the area where the disease is located. In complicated cases the clinical picture is accomplished with sinusitis and a swollen cheek. In order to prevent spreading of the inflammation and abscess it is necessary to start treatment of the cyst as soon as possible.

Development of a Cyst

dental cyst on x-rayWhat is a cyst? It is a granuloma that appears in inflamed tissues, surrounding roots of a tooth. The official name of this disease is periodontitis. The cyst itself looks like a small thick bag, hanging on tooth roots, filled with pus. Formation of such a cyst is a protective mechanism. The body tries to block spreading of the infection in such a way. While this cyst is small, it cannot be felt at all. As it grows, it needs some space in surrounding tissues. Gums get inflamed and swell, the affected tooth becomes shaky and it seems that it becomes longer. This sensation appears due to the fact that there is the cyst below it and the bigger it gets, the stronger it pushes out the tooth.

How Early Stages of This Disease Can Be Diagnosed

Periodontitis can be diagnosed at early stages only by an experienced dentist in the course of regular examinations with special diagnostic tools. Such examinations are available in big and high-quality clinics, like Maxwell Miller’s Downtown Dentistry and similar other in other places. Periodontitis is caused by three factors: a single traumatizing impact (a strong blow); a constant traumatizing impact (by a too high dental filling or so) and an infection. The infection affects injured tissues immediately, reaching them through untreated but infected root canals, due to sinusitis or osteomyelitis or when tissues are injured by dental pins or filling materials.

Treatment: Extraction or Healing?

Some time ago cysts were treated radically: affected teeth were extracted, their alveolar sockets were cleared from inflamed, infected and necrotic tissues. Today such methods are used only in extreme cases, if saving a tooth is impossible and unreasonable in view of general risks for health. In most cases affected teeth are just opened and cleaned or parts of their roots with cysts are ablated by surgeons. All this allows saving natural teeth and fighting the infection.

Comments are closed.